Gender, Environment, Conflict
The linkages between gender, environment and conflict have so far not been studied in detail. Environmental changes and conflicts impact men and women differently in the light of their gender roles and socio-cultural situation. More often than not, environmental degradation and the consequences of climate change or natural disasters reinforce existing gender discrepancies. Gender aspects therefore need to be systematically mainstreamed to achieve effective conflict prevention.
A special issue of the newsletter entitled "Civilian Crisis Prevention -Environment and Natural Resources" (ECC) has been issued in this context and contains articles that explore the links between gender, environment and conflict or peace. The overview aims to stimulate further discussion and network building. In the first article Nora Holzmann outlines gender relations against the backdrop of growing resource scarcity and differential gender-related access to these resources in conflict and post conflict situations. Ulrike Röhr/genanet, in the second article, goes on to establish how natural disasters and resource scarcity induced by climate change are related to negative gender inequalities. The key conclusions of both articles are examined in greater detail in the subsequent case studies on the Cauvery river water dispute in India and the aftermath of the earthquake in northern Pakistan. In both articles Susanne Fleischli and Cordula Reimann highlight how rigid traditional gender roles cause women to be most severely affected in conflict and post conflict situations as well as in the aftermath of natural disasters. At the same time, women are systematically by-passed in decision-making during the post conflict or conflict prevention phase. The authors thus provide initial insights into the linkages between gender, environment and conflict.
The newsletter also contains information on various initiatives and publications to facilitate more in-depth study and involvement in these areas. The editiors hope this overview will inspire more work on the subject and succeed in generating a debate - and perhaps also provoke controversy. Any comments and suggestions you might have are therefore welcome and should be directed to our editing team.
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- genderCC - Women for Climate Justice - 14.10.2007 00:00